Category Archives: Europe

The birthplace of Western culture in particular ancient Greece, Europe is the second-smallest continent by surface area. It borders the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. Europe is the third most populous continent after Asia and Africa.

Italy: How Location Affects Mental Health

Sardinia_slide
Depression among the elderly is very common and can cause suicidal thoughts. People think that having depression is part of growing old and a disease that needs to be lived with. However, depression can be treated. There are many factors that can cause depression such as losing a lifelong partner and seeing their own children grow up. These life situations can result in many elderly people feeling useless and asking themselves: What else is there to live for? Is death the only thing to wait for?

In Italy, researchers have found out that a certain factor contributes to depression among the elderly more than gender, marital status, age, or lifestyle choices. This factor is that the elderly who live on the island of Sardinia are less depressed than Italian elderly from anywhere else in the country. Does it really make a difference where you live? Yes, it does. In the field of Public Health, we know that availability and infrastructure of health care services as well as social and recreational services are important for the peoples’ well-being. Elderly from Sardinia have health care services nearby to get treatment and preventive services they need. In addition, they are more physically active and more socially and culturally engaged, which increases their self-esteem and mental health.

What can Italy and other countries worldwide take away from this study? I believe that offering cultural, social, and recreational events for the elderly can improve their mental health. In addition, improving health care services in cities as well as in rural areas can not only prevent many mental and physical illnesses, but also give the elderly the treatments needed to live a longer independent life.

Martina Lesperance is a Health Educator and Screening Technician in El Paso, Texas.

Sweden: A Role Model for Elderly Care

Elderly
As mentioned in previous blog entries, worldwide, countries are facing challenges due to aging. By 2050, the elderly will outnumber children under the age of 15, mostly in developing countries. So, reforms for more cost-effective health care systems for elderly’s long-term care are becoming more and more important. Sweden is known for its universal and comprehensive social and health care programs. Most care is funded by citizen’s taxes. In fact, Sweden allocates 3.6% of its GDP on long-term care and also provides the highest number of health care workers for the elderly over the age of 65. As a result, it is not surprising that in 2013, Sweden was ranked first for treatment of elderly in a United Nations (UN) supported global study, The Global AgeWatch Index (BBC).

Sweden is one of the nations that established reforms which focus on and encourage high quality long-term care for elderly in institutions as well as in home care. In Sweden, municipalities are responsible for elderly care and provide funding for in home assistance as well as manage the needs of accessible housing. 94% of the elderly over the age of 65 live at home and are given the opportunity to live an independent life, even if someone is in need of supported assistance. If an older person needs assistance from a health care worker, he or she can apply for this assistance. In addition, most regions offer ready-cooked meals which are even delivered to the elderly’s home.

Sweden’s approach of taking care of the elderly in their own home is unique and allows them to keep their independence. In addition, their families are at ease knowing that their loved ones are in good care. Is this a system that can be adopted by other countries? Who wouldn’t wish to live at home until the end of life? Don’t the elderly have a right to decide where they want to live? It is great to see that the Swedish local governments give them the option to either live at home or in accessible housing. The seniors contributed to their communities all their lives. They have worked, raised a family, and paid taxes, therefore securing care for their countrymen and women. They deserve to receive the same high quality of care. In addition to the care the elderly receive, health care workers are needed and appreciated. So it is a win-win situation for everybody: the elderly, their families, as well as all current and futures citizens of Sweden.

Martina Lesperance is a Health Educator and Screening Technician in El Paso, Texas.